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- Fengqing Ancient Tree Raw Pu-erh Cake 2014
Alihou Village, Desili Town, Mengyou County, Fengqing, Yunnan
Fengqing large leaf species, 300 to 600 years old
■ Harvest Time: April 20 – May 15, 2014
■ Weight: 357g
evenly compressed leaves, full of buds and pekoes; inside equals outside.
the covering tissue paper is stamped with our brand logo “尋茶記”.
■ Appearance: the cakes is well shaped, fragrant;
■ Tea Leaf: glossy and soft after brewed, remained in complete shape.
■ Aroma: elegant and unique sweet fragrance.
bright yellow, clean with a shade of floating pekoes
tastes strong yet soft at the same time, carries obvious sweet aftertaste.
Spent Tea Leaves:
feels soft and thick, with glossy appearance.
This is a unique raw pu-erh cake. The fresh leaves are from Fengqing large leaf species in Yunnan. Mengyou raw pu-erh has powerful flavor and soft aftertaste. When sipping it, the fragrance and taste linger on your tongue, bringing the sweetness to your throat.
The tea leaves of this Fengqing raw pu-erh is from 300 to 600 years old tea trees, grown on 2000 meters high tea gardens. The favorable weather condition and natural environment breeds such a good tea.
This cake is named as Fengqing Ancient Tree. The name is stamped on the packaging paper as the blue text “凤庆古树”. The ancient trees of making this tea have lived longer than 300 years.
The trees are Fengqing large leaf species. After rolling, the fresh tea leaves are compressed into this tidy cake shape. When unseal the tissue paper, you can see the dry leaves in the cake are large and strong, mixed with many thick tea buds.
Good tea is not only good looking, but also worth collecting. After breaking this pu-erh cake, you can find the leaves inside are the same quality as outside. This ensure this pu-erh tea’s high quality, brings the rich flavor and excellent taste to the tea.
This Fengqing Ancient Tree Raw Pu-erh has a very natural and nice aroma. The fragrance of fresh leaves can still strongly drag your mind to the tea gardens in Yunnan. The flavor you can taste from the tea is the beauty of nature.
For making raw pu-erh cake, the fresh tea leaves will be pan-fried, rolled, dried, and made into loose pu-erh teas (also called as Siaqing raw tea). After that, the leaves will be steamed and shaped with moulds, then dun-dried again. Finally, a piece of raw pu-erh cake tea is made.
Usually pu-erh cake’s weight is 100g, 357g, 400g, or 500g per piece. Comparing to ripened pu-erh tea, raw pu-erh is stronger, more astringent but with quick sweet aftertaste. Raw pu-erh tea smells strong as well. It contains high amount of tea polyphenol, is good at antioxidation.Normally, pu-erh tea drinkers start with mellow ripened pu-erh, and gradually learn to enjoy the strong raw pu-erh.
Tea Tree Specie: Fengqing large leaf specie
Fengqing large leaf specie is the variety of sexual propagation, arbor, super large leaf, origin in Fengqing, big plant which could reach the height over 6 meters, with the leaf at length of 12.6 – 20.5 centimeters and width of 5.2 – 8.1 centimeters. In 1984 the Chinese government certificated Fengqing large leaf species as national grade, and numbered it as “Huacha NO. 13 (GsCT13)”. Fengqing large leaf species contains a large amount of tea polyphenol and catechin. Usually in spring teas there are 2.9% of amino acid, 30.2% of tea polyphenol, 3.2% of caffeine and 13.4% of catechin.
Where is this Puerh Tea produced?
Fengqing is a place in Lingcang which is one of the four famous Pu-erh production areas (Xishuangbanna, Pu’er (Simao), Lincang and Baoshan). Fengqing located in the northwest of Lincang, east longitude 99°31′～100°13′, northern latitude 24°13′～25°03′. It has a distance of 580 kilometers from Yunnan province Kunming. Fengqing is also the original place of the world-wide famous Dian Hong Tea and also one of the original habitats of planting tea all over the world. Fengqing is also an important place of the north part of Ancient Tea Route. There’s a biggest old tea tree named “Jing Xiu Cha Wang” found in Xiang Zhuqing village in Fengqing. It is a representative tea tree cultivated in Fengqing which is more than 3200 years old with 1.84 meter in diameter.
The highest altitude is 3098 meters while the lowest is 919 meters. It is subtropical monsoon climate with average 13-15℃ temperature. The lowest temperature is -5℃. The annual precipitation is 1200mm. The relative humidity is 70%. The soil is red. The raining is synchronous with the high temperature. The temperature is warm and sunshine is sufficient. The rainfall is concentrated.
Alihou Village, Mengyou Town, Fengqing County
Alihou Village is located in the south of Mengyou, Fengqing in Yunnan Province. Alihou is about 20 kilometers to the government of Mengyou Town and about 60 kilometers to the downtown of Fengqing County. The surface of the road to the town is stone and soil, so the traffic of this area is not convenient. The whole village covers about 20.6 square kilometers.
This village belongs to Mengyou Town, Fengqing County, Lincang City, Yunnan Province. The altitude of this village is 1,870 meters. The average temperature here is about 16℃. The annual precipitation is about 1,300 millimeters. Thus this village is very suitable for the growth of rice, corn and other crops.
The most important things decide the Puerh quality:
1 Place: The high quality Puerh should use the Yunan Large-leaf variety. The main traditional Puerh production areas are Xishuangbanna, Pu’er (Simao), Lincang and Baoshan. The tea from different area has different characteristic. And each place also has their own representative places, for example, the representative places in Lingcang are: Fengqing and Mengku.
2 The quality of tea tress: Although all the Pu-erh tea trees are Yunnan Large-leaf tea trees variety, this variety also has many subcategories. There are many ways to distinguish the tea trees. In order to understand easily, we can judge the quality by the age of the trees. The older the tea tree is, the deeper the root is, so it can absorb more nutrient and mineral substance which can ensure the high quality of the tea. Generally speaking, the 60 years old tea tree (also called big tea tree 大树茶) is better than the 30 years old tea tree (also called arbor tea tree 乔木茶) which is better than 10 years old or less than 10 years old tea tree (also called tableland tea tree 台地茶). Of course, there are also some tea trees more than hundred years old which is quite rare.
3 Picking time: For big tea tree, the Spring tea and Autumn tea both have their own characteristic which are better than Summer tea.
For tableland tea tree, the Spring tea is the best, then Autumn tea, Summer tea is the worst
4 The grade of tea leaves: The thick branches and big leaves don’t mean it is bad quality. Usually the grade only means the tenderness of the maocha. It can be divided into ten grades by the tenderness. The super grade is the most tender which contains tiny buds with golden tips. The worst is the tenth grade which contains big leaves with stalk. The appearance of higher grade maocha is elegant and the also contains more inclusions. But the higher grade also has bitter taste. The lower grade taste roughly and clearly, and also contains much fragrant which make the tea rich taste. So it is better to choose puerh by the taste you like but not only focus on the grade.
5 Storage time: Under the condition of dry storage, the taste changes with the length of time it stored; the longer it stored, the better it tastes. With fine Pu-erh tea, the longer it is stored and aged, as long as it is stored properly, the more complex the flavor and the more valuable the tea gets. But it need to note that it is under the condition of good place, tea tree and proper picking time, it can’t be only emphasis the storage time but ignore the tea inner quality.
Besides the above factors, there are also some other aspects which can affect the puerh quality like the tea process.
You can get more useful Puerh information from the following articles:
How to Properly Loosen and Pry Pu-erh Tea
The Four Main Pu-erh Tea Production Areas of Yunnan China
Miracle Weight Loss Tea from China – How Pu-erh Tea Can Help You Shed Pounds
How to Brew an Enjoyable Pu-erh Tea
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Commonly asked questions
- Q: Follow up to the last question: So putting pu-erh in plastic isn't a matter that the pu-erh will ruin (like mold or something) but it's so the pu-erh can age or oxidize properly? Posted on 4/13/15 by C
Reply: Hello C,
Thank you very much for writing to us.
If you will drink the pu-erh tea in a short time (maybe two months), then you can put the pu-erh tea in the bag. But if you want to keep the pu-erh tea for a long time (several year), you must store the pu-erh tea in a suitable place. Then the raw pu-erh tea will get better with age.
You can also store the pu-erh tea in a Zisha Caddy, but not metal tin.
Hope this is helpful for you.
- Q: I wondering with the last question, what are the reasons that pu-erh should not be wrapped in plastic? So the silver packaging that Teavivre sends other teas in is a bad idea? What are the negative effects? Thanks! Posted on 4/11/15 by C
Reply: Hello C,
Thank you very much for writing to us.
Pu-erh tea must be wrapped in tissue paper and be put in a windy, dry and no direct sunlight place. If you use plastic bag to pack it, then it can not breath.
However, other teas must be stored under seal. Like green teas, if you packed with paper, then after a short period time, it will be oxidized. Not only the color of the tea will change, but also the flavor and the taste.
So different teas are packed in different ways. Also should be stored in different place and method.
Hope this is helpful for you. If you have any further questions, please feel free to contact us.
- Q: I know that young sheng puerh are not good for the stomach, so If I will buy this cake I should let it age. What is the best way to storage it? Posted on 9/10/14 by Luca
Reply: Dear Luca,
Thank you very much for writing to us. Yes, you can buy the raw pu-erh and keep it. But you should be careful when you store the pu-erh cake.
1. Pu-erh cake can not be wrapped in plastic bags. you should keep the pu-erh cake just with the tissue paper that we wrapped the cake. For pu-erh cake must breathe.
2. Pu-erh cake must put in a windy, dry and no direct sunlight place. Of couse the place should no other smell. The highest temprature of the store place should not be over 35 ℃ and the humidity should be lower than 80°