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How to process green tea

Green tea is the least processed among the six types of Chinese tea.  It undergoes the least amount of oxidation.  The shorter processing gives green tea a lighter flavor than black tea.  Also result in the high catechins content, which is why it is so good for you.
It mainly has the following three steps:
Steamed or Pan Fried – Rolling (Rounian) – Drying

After the tea leaves are picked, it should be thinly spread for 2-3 hours (depend on different teas) in order to reduce the water content. 
fresh tea leaves

Select: remove yellow leaves and other debris
select tea leaves

Steamed or Pan Fried

This step is the crucial technique for quality.  Shaqing has four important goals:
to get the proper color, smell and taste of Green Tea by completely destroying the activity of enzymes in fresh leaves and stop the enzymatic oxidation of polyphenols;
to give off grassy smell in order to release the aroma;
to evaporate part of the water in the fresh leaves to soft the leaves and enhance toughness to make the next step rolling easier;
to promote the transformation of inclusions, and promote the formation of green tea.
pan firedpan fired

This kind of electric pan can most contain 400g leaves.
electric panelectric pan

Rolling (Rounian)

The purpose of Rounian is to make the shape tight in order to make the next step drying easier. As well as destructing of leaf tissue to make better quality for easy brewing out the tea liquor.
rolling tearounian tea

Drying

The drying of the produced tea is responsible for many new flavor compounds particularly.  At the same time improve its appearance.
drying teadrying tea

After the above processing steps.  A cup of green liquor, fragrant and sweet light taste tea can be brewed.  Have a look at our articles on how to brew a classic Drangon Well Green Tea.
brewed green tea

7 comments to How to process green tea

  • Larry Dolley :

    1/27/2014

    How does one make green tea for putting in a can or other package?

  • TeaVivre response:

    2/8/2014


    Thank you for your inquiry. Generally speaking, after a series of tea production procedures the green tea leaves are finally packed by professional skilled workers using different containers, such as cans, packages and what not.

    Hope this can help you. If you have any other question, please feel free to tell us.

  • Heike :

    1/14/2014

    Couldn't one just harvest the leaves from the plant and dry them and use them - same as you do with other herbs?
    Why steaming/heating and then drying?

  • TeaVivre response:

    1/26/2014


    Hello Heike, making tea is not so simple as we think. It is much more complex than we introduced in this article. The steaming process, as well as other process, is aiming to change some substance in the leaf, adjust the tea leaf's nature, so that the final product - tea - you drink can be so different from the fresh tea leaves on tea trees. These process determine the tea's character, taste and aroma type. That's why there are so many distinctive kinds of green teas, because they are processed with differrent steaming/heating method.

  • Toma :

    12/11/2013

    I like it

  • isaac :

    11/19/2013

    I also want to learn hand processed green tea.

  • kaushik more :

    9/14/2013

    Sir i want to start a plant of green tea in Assam India.i need the assistance and detail project report regarding this

  • TeaVivre response:

    9/16/2013


    Hi Kaushik, in fact the planting and making of green tea varies from different tree species and different kinds of green tea. The making process we introduced in the article is just the general procedures. The specific process which tea manufactueres are using is not disclosed to the public. If you want to plant a green tea tree, we suggest that you can ask the tea farm about how to plant the tea trees.

  • Tete :

    6/26/2013

    my aunties have tea field in Darzo village of Mizoram..I even helped them one time picking the leaves..now I am very interested in making green tea on my own, from these fields..like home made,with the simplest method yet good taste n containing the good qualities that green tea has.. could you please tell me how to do this

  • TeaVivre response:

    6/28/2013


    Dear Tete, it is interesting for making the green tea by yourself. But there is a ulmost important thing for making good quality teas, that the maker must be very skillful. It requires years of practices and experiences. Though the making process of each kind of green tea is much the same, as we introduced in the article above, the maker's experience would significantly infulence the result. Yet it is fun to try this on your own. You can just follow the process this article introduced : )

  • Sri McManus :

    12/18/2012

    Dear Sir/Madam,
    I have 2 tea plants in my garden, I just wonder if I can pick the 2 leaves and bud, wash it, put in a cup, pour hot water then drink it.
    Look forward to receiving your info.

    Thank you,
    Sri

  • TeaVivre response:

    12/19/2012


    I suggest you do not drink the tea leaves which was just picked from the plants. Because the leaves which haven't been processed by the steps mentioned in this article don't have the tea flavor and also not good for health.

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