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    How to process green tea

    Green tea is the least processed among the six types of Chinese tea.  It undergoes the least amount of oxidation.  The shorter processing gives green tea a lighter flavor than black tea.  Also result in the high catechins content, which is why it is so good for you.
    It mainly has the following three steps:
    Steamed or Pan Fried – Rolling (Rounian) – Drying

    After the tea leaves are picked, it should be thinly spread for 2-3 hours (depend on different teas) in order to reduce the water content. 
    fresh tea leaves

    Select: remove yellow leaves and other debris
    select tea leaves

    Steamed or Pan Fried

    This step is the crucial technique for quality.  Shaqing has four important goals:
    to get the proper color, smell and taste of Green Tea by completely destroying the activity of enzymes in fresh leaves and stop the enzymatic oxidation of polyphenols;
    to give off grassy smell in order to release the aroma;
    to evaporate part of the water in the fresh leaves to soft the leaves and enhance toughness to make the next step rolling easier;
    to promote the transformation of inclusions, and promote the formation of green tea.
    pan firedpan fired

    This kind of electric pan can most contain 400g leaves.
    electric panelectric pan

    Rolling (Rounian)

    The purpose of Rounian is to make the shape tight in order to make the next step drying easier. As well as destructing of leaf tissue to make better quality for easy brewing out the tea liquor.
    rolling tearounian tea


    The drying of the produced tea is responsible for many new flavor compounds particularly.  At the same time improve its appearance.
    drying teadrying tea

    After the above processing steps.  A cup of green liquor, fragrant and sweet light taste tea can be brewed.  Have a look at our articles on how to brew a classic Drangon Well Green Tea.
    brewed green tea

    10 comments to How to process green tea

    • Priyan :


      I highly appreciate your effort. if it's content about drying temperature, it'll be better for refers.

    • Vikugha :


      Dear sir, i would like to know how the steamed and rolled leaves are dried. Are they dried with the help of natural sunlight of artificial heat. Is there any specific way of drying? Please help with some details. Thank you

    • TeaVivre response:


      Hello, there are three kinds of methods to dry the teas. They are baking, Pan frying and stunning.....

    • john njine :


      im emailing from kenya with interest to know how to make green tea as an enterprise from picked tea.i would be interested if you become my guide.please email me all relevant details

    • Larry Dolley :


      How does one make green tea for putting in a can or other package?

    • TeaVivre response:


      Thank you for your inquiry. Generally speaking, after a series of tea production procedures the green tea leaves are finally packed by professional skilled workers using different containers, such as cans, packages and what not.

      Hope this can help you. If you have any other question, please feel free to tell us.

    • Heike :


      Couldn't one just harvest the leaves from the plant and dry them and use them - same as you do with other herbs?
      Why steaming/heating and then drying?

    • TeaVivre response:


      Hello Heike, making tea is not so simple as we think. It is much more complex than we introduced in this article. The steaming process, as well as other process, is aiming to change some substance in the leaf, adjust the tea leaf's nature, so that the final product - tea - you drink can be so different from the fresh tea leaves on tea trees. These process determine the tea's character, taste and aroma type. That's why there are so many distinctive kinds of green teas, because they are processed with differrent steaming/heating method.

    • Toma :


      I like it

    • isaac :


      I also want to learn hand processed green tea.

    • kaushik more :


      Sir i want to start a plant of green tea in Assam India.i need the assistance and detail project report regarding this

    • TeaVivre response:


      Hi Kaushik, in fact the planting and making of green tea varies from different tree species and different kinds of green tea. The making process we introduced in the article is just the general procedures. The specific process which tea manufactueres are using is not disclosed to the public. If you want to plant a green tea tree, we suggest that you can ask the tea farm about how to plant the tea trees.

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