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- Fengqing Old Tree Raw Pu-erh Cake Tea 2013
A raw cake made of leaves from 300 to 800 years old tea trees
- Origin: Fengqing (凤庆), Yunnan
- Harvest Time: April 10 - 28, 2013
- Age of Tea Trees: 300 to 800 years
- Appearance: beautiful and smooth, has complete leaves both on the surface and inside.
- Tea Liquid: yellow with nice aroma
- Flavor: powerful, typical raw pu-erh’s strong flavor; quick sweet aftertaste, aromatic and lively.
- Manufacturer: Fengqing Sanning Tea Company Ltd.
- Production Date: May 18, 2013
The Old Tree Raw Pu-erh Cake is made of the leaves from old tea trees in Fengqing, which are mostly 300 to 800 years old. Old tree refers to the tea trees have been lived for very long time, just like ancient trees. The old trees for this pu-erh cake were planted long time ago, and are still producing fresh leaves for making. Our Old Tree Raw Pu-erh is made of leaves from these trees. The Old Tree Pu-erh tea leaves were processed into raw materials during April 10 to 28, 2013, right after the leaves were harvested from the tea trees. This cake is finely made, has rich taste, strong with nice aroma. The sweet and mellow aftertaste will capture your tongue.
What is old tree? Is it a tree from ancient times? Well, yes. The old tree refers to the wild ancient trees grown in natural forests, or semi-cultivated old tea trees in wild areas, or artificially cultivated tea trees that have been existed for ten decades.
Old Tea Trees
In Fengqing, old tea trees are not common. They scatter in the area and are rare and previous. After planted the trees into ground, the ancients only did a few clips and harvests on them, without any fertilizers or pesticides. The tea trees were left there to grow freely till nowadays.
Leaves on the old tea trees
For making raw pu-erh cake, the fresh tea leaves will be pan-fried, rolled, dried, and made into loose pu-erh teas (also called as Saiqing raw tea). After that, the leaves will be steamed and shaped with moulds, then sun-dried again. Finally, a piece of raw pu-erh cake tea is made.
Usually pu-erh cake’s weight is 100g, 357g, 400g, or 500g per piece. Comparing to ripened pu-erh tea, raw pu-erh is stronger, more astringent but with quick sweet aftertaste. Raw pu-erh tea smells strong as well. It contains high amount of tea polyphenol, is good at antioxidation.Normally, pu-erh tea drinkers start with mellow ripened pu-erh, and gradually learn to enjoy the strong raw pu-erh.
Tea Tree Specie: Fengqing large leaf specie
Fengqing large leaf specie is the variety of sexual propagation, arbor, super large leaf, origin in Fengqing, big plant which could reach the height over 6 meters, with the leaf at length of 12.6 – 20.5 centimeters and width of 5.2 – 8.1 centimeters. In 1984 the Chinese government certificated Fengqing large leaf species as national grade, and numbered it as “Huacha NO. 13 (GsCT13)”. Fengqing large leaf species contains a large amount of tea polyphenol and catechin. Usually in spring teas there are 2.9% of amino acid, 30.2% of tea polyphenol, 3.2% of caffeine and 13.4% of catechin.
Where is this Puerh Tea produced?
Fengqing is a place in Lingcang which is one of the four famous Pu-erh production areas (Xishuangbanna, Pu’er (Simao), Lincang and Baoshan). Fengqing located in the northwest of Lincang, east longitude 99°31′～100°13′, northern latitude 24°13′～25°03′. It has a distance of 580 kilometers from Yunnan province Kunming. Fengqing is also the original place of the world-wide famous Dian Hong Tea and also one of the original habitats of planting tea all over the world. Fengqing is also an important place of the north part of Ancient Tea Route. There’s a biggest old tea tree named “Jing Xiu Cha Wang” found in Xiang Zhuqing village in Fengqing. It is a representative tea tree cultivated in Fengqing which is more than 3200 years old with 1.84 meter in diameter.
The highest altitude is 3098 meters while the lowest is 919 meters. It is subtropical monsoon climate with average 13-15℃ temperature. The lowest temperature is -5℃. The annual precipitation is 1200mm. The relative humidity is 70%. The soil is red. The raining is synchronous with the high temperature. The temperature is warm and sunshine is sufficient. The rainfall is concentrated.
Introduction of the tea farmer
The founder of Yunnan Sanning Tea Factory Mr Zhou Zhirong, who is an authentic Yunnan people, has been in tea business for more than 20 years. He established Sanning tea in 1998 which was authorized famous brand by Yunnan province. We deeply felt his insist of traditional tea process by communicating with him. He said: “Most of my time is spent on tea mountain. I think the most important is the essential quality inside the tea.” “There’s the best tea trees and best environment in Fengqing. What we need to do is to bring the natural of tea to all the tea lovers”.
The most important things decide the Puerh quality:
1 Place: The high quality Puerh should use the Yunan Large-leaf variety. The main traditional Puerh production areas are Xishuangbanna, Pu’er (Simao), Lincang and Baoshan. The tea from different area has different characteristic. And each place also has their own representative places, for example, the representative places in Lingcang are: Fengqing and Mengku.
2 The quality of tea tress: Although all the Pu-erh tea trees are Yunnan Large-leaf tea trees variety, this variety also has many subcategories. There are many ways to distinguish the tea trees. In order to understand easily, we can judge the quality by the age of the trees. The older the tea tree is, the deeper the root is, so it can absorb more nutrient and mineral substance which can ensure the high quality of the tea. Generally speaking, the 60 years old tea tree (also called big tea tree 大树茶) is better than the 30 years old tea tree (also called arbor tea tree 乔木茶) which is better than 10 years old or less than 10 years old tea tree (also called tableland tea tree 台地茶). Of course, there are also some tea trees more than hundred years old which is quite rare.
3 Picking time: For big tea tree, the Spring tea and Autumn tea both have their own characteristic which are better than Summer tea.
For tableland tea tree, the Spring tea is the best, then Autumn tea, Summer tea is the worst
4 The grade of tea leaves: The thick branches and big leaves don’t mean it is bad quality. Usually the grade only means the tenderness of the maocha. It can be divided into ten grades by the tenderness. The super grade is the most tender which contains tiny buds with golden tips. The worst is the tenth grade which contains big leaves with stalk. The appearance of higher grade maocha is elegant and the also contains more inclusions. But the higher grade also has bitter taste. The lower grade taste roughly and clearly, and also contains much fragrant which make the tea rich taste. So it is better to choose puerh by the taste you like but not only focus on the grade.
5 Storage time: Under the condition of dry storage, the taste changes with the length of time it stored; the longer it stored, the better it tastes. With fine Pu-erh tea, the longer it is stored and aged, as long as it is stored properly, the more complex the flavor and the more valuable the tea gets. But it need to note that it is under the condition of good place, tea tree and proper picking time, it can’t be only emphasis the storage time but ignore the tea inner quality.
Besides the above factors, there are also some other aspects which can affect the puerh quality like the tea process.
You can get more useful Puerh information from the following articles:
How to Properly Loosen and Pry Pu-erh Tea
The Four Main Pu-erh Tea Production Areas of Yunnan China
Miracle Weight Loss Tea from China – How Pu-erh Tea Can Help You Shed Pounds
How to Brew an Enjoyable Pu-erh Tea
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