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Nonpareil Taiwan Li Shan Oolong Tea
Highly aromatic, creamy, floral, sweet fruity
Highly aromatic, creamy, floral, sweet fruity
Fushoushan (福寿山) Farm on Lishan (梨山) Mountain in Taichung, Taiwan
October 13, 2019
Large leaves handmade rolled into tightly even ball shape, glossy and dark green
Light orchid fragrance mixed with fruit fragrance
Bright and clear, yellowish-green color
Obvious floral fragrance, strong sweetness in the throat;
brisk and smooth aftertaste with long-lasting sweet scent in the mouth
Long-lasting “Hou Yun”: even no liquor in the mouth but still long-lasting fragrance
lingers at throat and back of tongue.
C.sinensis cv.Qingxin (Chin Shin Oolong)
Moderate caffeine (less than 20% of a cup of coffee)
Store in airtight, opaque packaging; keep refrigerated
A representative of high-end Taiwan Gao Leng tea with charming high aroma.
Li Shan oolong is considered the top level of Taiwan Gao Leng oolong tea. Gao Leng in Chinese means “high and cold” and refers to the specific high-mountain environment at which the tea is grown; Li Shan trees are grown in this high-altitude, low-temperature environment, resulting in soft, thick leaves with rich nutrients. An old Chinese saying tells that human beings are shaped by the land around them - and so are the tea trees. This lends itself to the realization that the entire crafting process, from the growing to the picking and then the actual processing, rely on the environmental conditions. This in turn means that Gao Leng tea from Lishan Mountain is truly remarkable.
Chinese Gongfu Method
|Teacup: 12oz / 355ml||Gaiwan: 3.8oz / 110ml|
|212℉ / 100℃||212℉ / 100℃|
|3 Teaspoons / 5g Tea||7g Tea|
|Brewing time: 3 - 5 mins||8 steeps: rinse, 25s,25s,30s,40s,60s,90s,120s,180s|
|Rinse time is around 5 seconds|
Fushoushan Farm is in Lishan at an elevation higher than 2000m, meaning that this farm is wholly within the high-mountain climate. Tea trees grow more slowly in colder weather, resulting in smaller and softer leaves that have a higher concentration of nutritious substances.
The farm stands along the southern mountainside of Lishan Mountain, surrounded by tea trees and elegant flowers.
Fushoushan Farm surrounded by clouds
Calla lily in the tea garden
It is a universal rule about aromatic substances in tea, that new buds have higher content than old leaf, spring teas contains more than summer teas, and high mountain tea is higher than low altitude tea. This is the reason that new harvested high mountain tea has strong aroma.
Taiwan High Mountain Tea
In Taiwan, teas planted above 800m are referred to as High Mountain Tea，and include types like Ali Shan Oolong Teafrom 1000-1500m, Ali Shan LuZhu, Shan Ling Xi starting at 1600m, Li Shan at elevations higher than 2000m, and thisDa Yun Lin High Mountain Cha Wang Oolong Tea from as high as 2500m as well.
The Difference between High Mountain Tea and Low Altitude Tea
In Taiwan, teas grown below 800m are notably different from high-mountain teas due to effects from the geological features and climate. Taiwan is a mountainous island where more than two-thirds of the total area is found in the mountains, meaning that the land has abundant fresh water and excellent drainage - and also that the climate can be complicated. The mountainous geography allows for both the monsoon and high mountain climates to coexist; the air temperature drops about 6 degrees for every kilometer above sea level, so therefore, these mountains are cool year-round. This in turn causes tea to grow more slowly, and taken on a softer, elegant aroma with a noticeably floral taste. The unique geography also allows distinctive nutritious substances to form in the tea, a trait which low-altitude teas lack.
Mr. Lui is the sixth-generation over of his family’s tea business. He built the highest tea garden in Taiwan along Fushou Mountain, near Lishan. In 2006 Taiwan hosted the World Famous Tea Expo with Mr. Lui sitting as one of the sponsors; he also founded the Taiwan Tea Roasting Technical Seminar, and is also experienced in the skill of firing porcelain teawares.
Lui keeps a unique understanding of how to build a tea garden, and says that the key is to integrate the environment, soil, and weather with the tea. He believes that water is the most powerful medium to memorize information: since 80% of the material of a fresh tea leaf is water, the water used to feed that tea will carry the characteristics of the soil and weather into the leaves.
When talked about picking fresh tea leaves, Mr. Lui said except being tender, the fresh leaf must be thick and fleshy, as well as in bright green color. This is the requirement of picking for making good High Mountain tea.
Lui thinks that every business is competitive, except for tea. The speciality and high quality of Taiwan tea makes it unreplaceable. He said: no matter what you do, tea business or others, you need to seek for the joy of the business. When talking about tea, talking about Fushou Mountain, talking about high mountain tea, I feel joyful in my heart.
Mr. Lui and TeaVivre Founder Angel Chen
Lishan Mountain is along the northern end of Nantou County, at the border with Hualien at an altitude of 2000m. The main tea farms here include Fushoushan Farm, Cuifeng, Cuilan, and Wuling among a few others, spreading across altitudes of 1200m to 2600m.
Fushoushan in particular is on the southern face of Lishan Mountain, close to the Central Cross-Island Highway.
Qingxin Oolong is a type of wild, small-leaf tea tree. The plant is short with dense bushes and thick leaves, soft and deep glossy-green in color. This species grows mainly in the villages throughout Chiayi County in Taiwan such as Ali, Wenshan, and Haishan Villages, and also in Nantou County in Mingjian and Lugu Villages.
Li Shan Tea refers to tea planted at altitudes higher than 2000m. In the early 1970s, a farmer named Chen Jindi was the first to successfully plant the tree known as Qing Xin Oolong, and did so in his apple and pear orchard. Following this, the variety started to be extensively grown throughout Fushoushan Farm, taken over by Tian Ren Tea in its early stages; because of this the tea was called Tian Li Tea.
Because this tea grows in high altitudes, the leaves become thick and soft and develop a higher concentration of pectin and amino acids, resulting in the tea having a full aroma and excellent taste. This allowed the tea to quickly gather popularity and fame.